Walter Kohn


Walter Kohn is awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on October 13, 1998 for his development of the density-functional theory.

Walter Kohn is a condensed matter theorist who has made seminal contributions to the understanding of the electronic structure of materials. He played the leading role in the development of the density functional theory, which has revolutionized scientists' approach to the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and solid materials in physics, chemistry and materials science. With the advent of supercomputers, density functional theory has become an essential tool for electronic materials science. Professor Kohn has also made major contributions to the physics of semiconductors, superconductivity, surface physics and catalysis. Professor Kohn was the founding director of the National Science Foundation's Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The Institute brings together leading scientists from throughout the world to work on major problems in theoretical physics and related fields. Under Professor Kohn's leadership it quickly developed into one of the leading research centers in physics, and has been widely copied.

After earning Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from the University of Toronto in 1946, Kohn received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics and a postdoctoral fellowship with Julian Schwinger at Harvard University in 1948. This was followed by postdoctoral work at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen. In the early 1950’s, he worked at Bell Telephone Laboratories as an assistant to the group that developed the transistor.

He has taught at many universities and done collaborative research around the world. He has received numerous awards including the Niels Bohr/Unesco Gold Medal, the United States National Medal of Science and the Richard Prange Prize.

In recent years, he was an active member of the U.S. government’s Basic Energy Science Advisory Committee and as a consultant with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. In 2005 he produced a documentary on solar power entitled “The Power of the Sun” which has had worldwide distribution in multiple languages. Currently he is working on Macular Degeneration, renewable energies and global warming.




Department of Physics
University of California, Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
Tel. (805) 893-3061

Birth Date: March 9, 1923
Birth Place: Vienna, Austria

1948   Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Degree: Ph.D., Physics
1946 University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Degree: M.A., Applied Mathematics
1945 University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Degree: B.A., Mathematics and Physics


Professor of Physics, Emeritus and Research Professor
UCSB, Santa Barbara (1991-present)


Professor of Physics
UCSB, Santa Barbara, CA (1984-1991)

Institute Theoretical Physics
UCSB, Santa Barbara, California (1979-1984)

Department of Physics
UCSD, San Diego, California (1961-1963)

Department of Physics
UCSD, San Diego, California (1960-1979)

Assistant, Associate, Full Professor
Department of Physics
Carnegie Mellon, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1950-1960)

Department of Physics
Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1948-1950)

Visiting Scholar (1958-85)   Universities: Pennsylvania
Michigan, Washington (Seattle),
Paris, Copenhagen,
Jerusalem, Imperial College (London),
ETH (Zurich)
Consultant IBM (1978)
General Atomic (1960-1972)
Bell Telephone Labs (1953-1966)
Westinghouse Research Lab. (1953-1957)
Geophysicist Koulomzine
(part-time) Quebec, Canada (1944-1946)
Industrial Physicist Sutton Horsley Co. (1941-1943)
(part-time) Canada
Member or Chairman Brookhaven National Laboratories
Review Committees Argonne National Labs.
Oak Ridge National Labs.
Ames Laboratory
Physics Department, Brown University
Physics Department, Harvard University
Physics Department, University of Michigan
Physics Department, Simon Frazer University
Physics Department, Tulane University
Reactor Division, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD
Tel Aviv University (Board of Governors), (1986-96)
Weizmann Institute (Board of Governors), (1996-)
Publications Author of 200 Scientific Articles & Reviews.
Executive Producer, "Power of the Sun"
Fellowships  NSF, Senior Postdoctoral Fellow, Paris (1967)
Guggenheim Fellow, Paris (1963)
Senior NSF Fellow, Imperial College (1958)
Oersted Fellow, Copenhagen (1951-1952)
National Research Council Fellow, Copenhagen (1950-1951)
Lehman Fellow, Harvard University (1946-1948)


University of Vienna
Degree: D. Science, (h.c.) (2012)

Harvard University
Degree: D. Science, (h.c.) (2012)

Free University of Berlin
Degree:  D. Science, (h.c.) (2003)

Technical Unversity of Dresdan
Degree: D. rerum naturalium, (h.c.) (2002)

University of Sherbrooke, Canada
Degree: D.Science, (h.c.) (2002)

Oxford University
Degree: D. Science, (h.c.) (2001)

Rutgers Unversity
Degree: D. Science, (h.c.) (2001)

Carnegie Mellon University
Degree: D. Science and Technology, (h.c.) (1999)

Tel Aviv University
Degree: D. Philosophy, (h.c.) (1999)

Weizmann Institute, Israel
Degree: D. Philosophy, (h.c.) (1997)

Technical University of Vienna
Degree: D. Science, (h.c.) (1996)

University of Wuerzburg
Degree: D. rerum naturalium, (h.c.) (1995)

Federal Institute of Technology (ETH),
Zurich, Switzerland
Degree: D. Natural Sciences, (h.c.) (1994)

Queens University, Kingston, Canada
Degree: D. Science, (h.c.) (1986)

Brandeis University
Degree: D. Philosophy, (h.c.) (1981)

Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Degree: D. Philosophy, (h.c.) (1981)

Universite de Paris-SUD, Paris
Degree: D. Science, (h.c.) (1980)

University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Degree: L.L.D., (h.c.) (1967)


Richard Prange Prize (2010)
Niels Bohr/UNESCO Gold Medal (1998)
Feenberg Medal (Many Body Physics) (1991)
National Medal of Science (1988)
Davisson-Germer Prize (Surface Physics) (1977)
Oliver Buckley Prize (Solid State Physics) (1960)


Canadian Infantry Corps (1944-1945)


Austrian Academy of Science (Honorary Member) (2011)

Bavarian Academy of Sciences (Corresponding Member, 2003-Present)

Royal Society of London (Foreign Member, 1998-Present)

American Philosophical Society (1994-Present)

International Academy of Quantum Molecular Sciences, (1991-Present)

National Academy of Sciences, (1969-Present)

American Academy of Arts & Sciences, (1963-Present)


Chairman, San Diego Division of the Academic Senate (1968-1969)

Founding Director, National Science Foundation, Institute of Theoretical Physics, UCSB, (1979-1984)

Member, Senate Review Committee of UC-Managed National Laboratories (1986-1989)

Advisory Board, Statewide Institute of Global Conflict and Cooperation (1982-1992).


  1. The Spherical Gyrocompass, Quarterly of Applied Mathematics, III, No. 1 (1945).
  2. Contour Integration in the Theory of the Spherical Pendulum and the Heavy Symmetrical Top, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 59, 107 (1946).
  3. Two Applications of the Variational Method to Quantum Mechanics, Phys. Rev. 71, 635 (1947).
  4. A Note on Weinstein's Variational Method, Phys. Rev. 71, 902 (1947).
  5. Variational Methods in Nuclear Collision Problems, Phys. Rev. 74, 1763 (1948).
  6. A Variational Iteration Method for Solving Secular Equations, Journal of Chemical Physics 17, 670 (1949)
  7. On the Electromagnetic Properties of Nucleons, Phys. Rev. 76, 818 (1949). With S. Borowitz.
  8. On the Cohesive Energy of Metallic Lithium, Phys. Rev. 80, 912 (1950). With R. A. Silverman.
  9. Remarks on the Nuclear Resonance Shift in Metallic Lithium, Phys. Rev. 80, 913 (1950). With N. Bloembergen.
  10. A Difficulty in Frohlich's Theory of Superconductivity, Phys. Rev. 83, 462 (1951). With Vachaspati.
  11. Variational Scattering Theory in Momentum Space, I. Central Field Problems, Phys. Rev. 84, 495 (l951).
  12. On the Stress Tensor of the Electron, Phys. Rev. 86, 985 (1952). With S. Borowitz.
  13. The Validity of Born Expansion, Phys. Rev. 87, 539 (1952).
  14. Variational Methods for Periodic Lattices, Phys. Rev. 87, 472 (1952).
  15. Construction of a Potential from a Phase Shift, Phys. Rev. 87, 977 (1952). With R. Jost.
  16. Equivalent Potentials, Phys. Rev. 88, 382 (1952). With R. Jost.
  17. On the Relation between Phase Shift Energy Levels and the Potential, Det Kgl. Danske Vidensk. Selskab, Mat. Fys. Medd. 27 No. 9 (1953). With R. Jost.
  18. Solution of the Schrodinger Equation in Periodic Lattices with an Application to Metallic Lithium, Phys. Rev. 94, 1111 (1954). With N. Rostoker.
  19. On the Convergence of Born Expansions, Reviews of Modern Physics 26, 292 (1954).
  20. Quantum Theory of Cyclotron Resonance in Semiconductors, Phys. Rev. 96, 529 (1954). With J. M. Luttinger.
  21. Interaction of Conduction Electrons and Nuclear Magnetic Moments in Metallic Lithium, Phys. Rev. 96, 590 (1954).
  22. Hyperfine Splitting of Donor States in Silicon, Phys. Rev. 96, 802 (1954). With J. M Luttinger.
  23. Motion of Electrons and Holes in Perturbed Periodic Fields, Phys. Rev. 97, 869 (1955). With J. M. Luttinger.
  24. Hyperfine Splitting of Donor States in Silicon, Phys. Rev. 97, 883 (1955). With J. M. Luttinger.
  25. Theory of Donor Levels in Silicon, Phys. Rev. 97, 1721 (1955). With J. M. Luttinger.
  26. Theory of Donor States in Silicon, Phys. Rev. 98, 915 (1955). With J. M. Luttinger.
  27. Interpretation of Donor State Absorption Lines in Silicon, Phys. Rev. 98, 1856 (1955).
  28. Theory of Accepter Levels in Germanium, Phys. Rev. 99, 1903 (1955). With D. Schechter.
  29. Interaction of Conduction Electrons and Nuclear Magnetic Moments in Metallic Sodium, Phys. Rev. 101, 66 (1956). With T. Kjeldaas, Jr.
  30. Effective Mass Theory in Solids from a Many-Particle Standpoint, Phys. Rev. 105, 509 (1957).
  31. Theory of the Diamagnetism of Bloch Electrons, Phys. Rev. 105, 806 (1957). With T. Kjeldaas, Jr.
  32. Shallow Impurity States in Silicon and Germanium, Solid State Physics V, (Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1957), p. 257.
  33. Quantum Theory of Electrical Transport Phenomena, Phys. Rev. 108, 590 (1957). With J. M. Luttinger.
  34. Quantum Theory of Electrical Transport Phenomena II, Phys. Rev. 109, 1892 (1958). With J. M. Luttinger.
  35. Interaction of Charged Particles in a Dielectric, Phys. Rev. 110, 857 (1958).
  36. Shallow Impurity States in Semiconductors, Nuovo Cimento 7, 713 (1958).
  37. Properties of Wannier Functions, Proceedings of the Physical Society LXXXII, 301 (1958). With S. Michaelson.
  38. Theory of Bloch Electrons in a Magnetic Field, Proceedings of the Physical Society, LXXII, 1147 (1958).
  39. Motion of Electrons and Holes in Semiconductors from a Many-Electron Point of View, J. Phys. & Chem. Solids, Pergamon Press, 8, 45 (1959).
  40. Image of the Fermi Surface in the Vibration Spectrum of a Metal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 393 (1959).
  41. Connection between True Effective Mass and Optical Absorption in Insulators, Phys. Rev. Lett. 2 385 (1959). With V. Ambegaokar.
  42. Analytic Properties of Bloch Waves and Wannier Functions, Phys. Rev. 115, 809 (1959).
  43. Theory of Bloch Electrons in a Magnetic Field: The Effective Hamiltonian, Phys. Rev. 115, 1160 (1959).
  44. Electromagnetic Properties of Insulators I, Phys. Rev. 117, 423 (1960). With V. Ambegaokar.
  45. Ground-State Energy of a Many-Fermion System, Phys. Rev. 118, 41 (1960). With J. M. Luttinger.
  46. Giant Fluctuations in a Degenerate Fermi Gas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 5, 8 (1960). With S. J. Nettel.
  47. Theory of Nuclear Resonance Intensity in Dilute Alloys, Phys. Rev. 119, 912 (1960). With S. H. Vosko.
  48. Band Structure of Semiconductors, Proceedings of the International Conference on Semiconductor Physics (Prague, 1960), p. 15.
  49. Cyclotron Resonance and de Haas-van Alphen Oscillations of an Interacting Electron Gas, Phys. Rev. 123, 1242 (1961).
  50. Images of the Fermi Surface in Phonon Spectra of Metals, Phys. Rev. 126, 1693 (1962). With E. J. Woll.
  51. Electron Wave Functions in Metallic Lithium, Phys. Rev. 127, 1913 (1962). With J. Callaway.
  52. Orbital Susceptibility of Dilute Alloys, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 24, 851 (1963). With M. Luming.
  53. Theory of the Insulating State, Phys. Rev. 133, A171 (1964).
  54. Inhomogeneous Electron Gas, Phys. Rev. 136, B864 (1964). With P. Hohenberg.
  55. Resistivity of Solid and Liquid Sodium, Phys. Rev. 137, A513 (1965). With M. P. Greene.
  56. Quantum Density Oscillations in an Inhomogeneous Electron Gas, Phys. Rev. 137, A1697 (1965). With L. J. Sham.
  57. Continuity between Bound and Unbound States in a Fermi Gas, Phys. Rev. 138, A1617 (1965). With C. Majumdar.
  58. New Mechanism for Superconductivity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 524 (1965).
  59. Self-Consistent Equations including Exchange and Correlation Effects, Phys. Rev. 140, A1133 (1965). With L. J. Sham.
  60. Remarks on Some Electronic Phase Transitions, Physics of Solids at High Pressures (Academic Press, 1965).
  61. Exchange and Correlation Effects in an Inhomogeneous Electron Gas, (1965).
  62. A New Formulation of the Inhomogeneous Electron Gas Problem, Many-Body Theory--- 1965 Tokyo Summer Lectures in Theoretical Physics (Syokabo, Tokyo, Japan and Benjamin, New York 1966), p. 73.
  63. A New Formulation of the Theory of Electronic Structure, Proceedings---1966 Midwest Conference on Indiana.
  64. One-Particle Properties of an Inhomogeneous Interacting Electron Gas, Phys. Rev. 145, 561 (1966). With L. J. Sham.
  65. Electronic States in Metals, Optical Properties and Electronic Structure of Metals and Alloys, Proceedings of the International Colloquium, held at Paris, 13-16 September 1965 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1966), p. 1.
  66. Excitonic Insulator, Phys. Rev. 158, 462 (1967). With D. Jerome and T. M. Rice.
  67. Excitonic Phases, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 439 (1967).
  68. Mott and Wigner Transitions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 789 (1967).
  69. Continuity between Bound and Unbound States in a Fermi Gas, Problems of Many Bodies and Plasma Physics, Efforts of the International Symposium at Novosibivsk, 1965 (Science, Moscow, USSR, 1967). With C. Majumdar.
  70. Metals and Insulators (Gordon and Breach, 1967), p. 353.
  71. Electronic Structure from the Standpoint of the Inhomogeneous Electron Gas, in "Energy Bands in Metals and Alloys,'' (Gordon and Breach, 1967).
  72. Strain Effects in Dilute Alloys, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 29, 1877 (1968). Physics 40, 767 (1968).
  73. Speculations about Grey Tin, Reviews of Modern Physics 40, 767 (1968).
  74. Frequency-Dependent Dielectric Function of a Zero-Gap Semiconductor, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 153 (1968). With D. Sherrington.
  75. Two Kinds of Bosons and Bose Condensates, Reviews of Modern Physics 42, 1 (1970). With D. Sherrington.
  76. Theory of Metal Surfaces: Charge Density and Surface Energy, Phys. Rev. B 1, 4555 (1970). With N. D. Lang.
  77. Local Theory of Disordered Systems, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards-A. Physics and Chemistry 74A, 443 (1970). With W. H. Butler.
  78. Electrons, Positrons and Holes, Mat. Res. Bull, 5, 641 (1970).
  79. Theory of Metal Surfaces: Work Function, Phys. Rev. B 3, 1215 (1971). With N. D. Lang.
  80. Transition Temperature of Narrow-Band Superconductors, Phys. Rev. B 4, 2162 (1971). With J. Appel.
  81. Improvement of Rayleigh-Ritz Eigenfunctions, SIAM Review 14, 399 (1972).
  82. Variational Methods for Dispersion Relations and Elastic Properties of Composite Materials, J. of Applied Mathematics 39, 327 (1972). With J. A. Krumhansl and E. H. Lee.
  83. Self-Consistent Screening of Charges Embedded in a Metal Surface, J. of Vacuum Science and Technology 9, 575 (1972). With S. C. Ying and J. R. Smith.
  84. Superconducting Pair States for Transition Metals in the Atomic Representation, Phys. Rev. B 5, 1823 (1972). With J. Appel.
  85. Developments of the Local Approximation for Disordered Systems, Journal de Physique Colloque C 3, C3-135 (1972). With J. Olson.
  86. Wannier Functions, Computational Methods for Large Molecules and Localized States in Solids (Plenum Press, 1972), p. 245.
  87. Theory of Metal Surfaces: Induced Surface Charge and Image Potential, Phys. Rev. B 7, 3541 (1973). With N. D. Lang.
  88. Construction of Wannier Functions and Applications to Energy Bands, Phys. Rev. B 7, 4388 (1973).
  89. Localized Basis for Lattice Vibrations, Phys. Rev. B 7, 2285 (1973).
  90. Charge Densities and Binding Energies in Hydrogen Chemisorption, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 610 (1973). With J. R. Smith and S. C. Ying.
  91. Correlation Effects in the Surface Energy of Metals, Solid State Communications 13, 323 (l973).
  92. Wannier Functions in a Simple Nonperiodic System, Phys. Rev. B 8, 2485 (1973). With J. R. Onffroy.
  93. Theory of Surfaces of Simple Metals, in Nobel Symposium 24, Collective Properties of Physical Systems, B. Lundqvist and S. Lundqvist, eds., Academic Press, New York (1973).
  94. Surface-Dipole Barriers in Simple Metals, Phys. Rev. B 8, 6010 (1973). With N. D. Lang.
  95. Surface Energy of Metals---Additional Comments, (1973).
  96. Propagation of Low-Frequency Elastic Disturbances in a Composite Material, J. of Applied Mechanics, 41, 97 (1974).
  97. Impurity States Between Two Bands, Phys. Rev. B 9, 1981 (1974). With J. J. Rehr.
  98. Wannier Functions and Self-Consistent Metal Calculations, Phys. Rev. B 10, 382 (1974).
  99. Wannier Functions in Crystals with Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 10, 448 (1974). With J. J. Rehr.
  100. Chemisorbed Hydrogen: Electron Scattering, Resonance Levels, and Vibration Frequency, Solid State Communications 15, 1491 (1974). With S. C. Ying and J. R. Smith.
  101. Density-Functional Theory of Chemisorption on Metal Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 11, 1483 (1975). With S. C. Ying and J. R. Smith.
  102. Propagation of Low Frequency Elastic Disturbances in a Three-Dimensional Composite Material, J. Appl. Mech. 42, 159 (1975).
  103. Green's Function Method for Crystal Films and Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 11, 3756 (1975).
  104. Van der Waal's Forces in the Noble Metals, Phys. Rev. B 12, 2062 (1975). With J. J. Rehr and E. Zaremba.
  105. Surface Energy of Metals---additional comments, Solid State Phys., 6, 95 (1975). With N. D. Lang.
  106. Density Functional Theory of Metal Surfaces and of Chemisorption on Metals, in The Physical Basis for Heterogeneous Catalysis, E. Drauglis and R. I. Jaffee, eds., Plenum Press (1975).
  107. Non-Local Corrections to the Electronic Structure of Metal Surfaces, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 37, 99 (1976). With K. H. Lau.
  108. Van der Waal's Interaction between an Atom and a Solid Surface, Phys. Rev. B 13, 2270 (l976). With E. Zaremba.
  109. Adatom Dipole Moments on Metals and Their Interactions, Solid State Commun. 18, 553 (1976). With K. H. Lau.
  110. Theory of Helium Adsorption on Simple and Noble Metal Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 15, 1769 (1977).
  111. Elastic Interaction of Two Atoms Adsorbed on a Solid Surface, Surf. Sci. 65, 607 (1977). With K. H. Lau.
  112. Indirect Long-Range Oscillatory Interaction between Adsorbed Atoms, Surf. Sci. 75, 69 (1978). With K. H. Lau.
  113. Locality Principle in Wave-Mechanics, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., USA 75, 5270 (1978). With A. Yaniv.
  114. Universal Model for the Surface Energy of Solids, Phys. Rev. 20, 4948 (1979). With A. Yaniv.
  115. Dynamic Response of Inhomogeneous Fermi Systems, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 775 (1979). With S. Chakravarty and M. Fogel. Plus Erratum.
  116. Scattering of Long-Wavelength Elastic Waves from Localized Defects in Solids, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3346 (1979). With J. R. Rice.
  117. Local Theory of Electronic Structure of Extended Systems, Festschrift for Felix Bloch, Rice University Studies, 66, 99 (1980). With A. Yaniv.
  118. First-Order Phase Transitions in Intermediate Valence Solids--a Theory Based on Metallic Hydrogen, Phys. Rev. B 24, 5664 (1981). With Y. R. Lin-Liu and L. M. Falicov.
  119. Fluctuation Effects in Mixed Valence Systems at Zero Temperature, Phil. Mag. A 45, 313 (1982). With T. K. Lee.
  120. Theory of Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) in a Mixed Valence Solid, Phys. Rev.B, 25, 3557 (1982). With T. K. Lee.
  121. Density Functional Theory: Generalized to Degenerate Ground States, NSF-ITP-83-118 (1982).
  122. General Density Functional Theory, "The Inhomogeneous Electron Gas,'' S. Lundqvist and N. H. March, Eds., Chapter 2, 79, (1983). With P. Vashishta.
  123. v-Representability and Density Functional Theory, Phys. Rev. Lett., 51, 1596 (1983).
  124. "Density Functional Theory: Basic Results and Some Observations,'' in Density Functional Methods in Physics, Ed. Reiner M. Dreizler and Joao da Providencia, (Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1985), pp. 1-9.
  125. Density Functional Theory: Fundamentals and Applications, Reprinted from Highlights of Condensed- Matter Theory, Soc. Italiana di Fisica, Bologna, Italy, LXXXIX, Corso, 1985.
  126. Local Density-Functional Theory of Frequency- Dependent Linear Response, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2850 (1985). With E. K. U. Gross.
  127. Theory of Inhomogeneous Quantum Systems. IV. Variational Calculations of Metal Surfaces, Phys. Rev. B 32, 5693 (1985). With E. Krotscheck & Guo-Xin Qian.
  128. Interaction of Helium with a Corrugated Surface, Phys. Rev. Lett., 55, 140 (1985). With Y. Takada.
  129. Theory of Inhomogeneous Quantum Systems. I. Static Properties of Bose Fluids, Phys. Rev. B 31, 4245 (1985). With E. Krotscheck and G. X. Qian.
  130. Long Wavelength Perturbation and Excitations at Surfaces, Ann. Phys. Fr. 10, 37 (1985).
  131. Interaction Potential between a Helium Atom and Metal Surfaces, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 470 (1985). With Y. Takada.
  132. Theory of Inhomogeneous Quantum Systems II. Linear Response and Collective Excitations in Bose Systems, Phys. Rev. B 31, 4258 (1985). (With E. Krotscheck and G. X. Qian)
  133. Discontinuity of the Exchange-Correlation Potential from a Density-Functional Viewpoint, Phys. Rev. B, Rapid Communications 33, 4331 (1986).
  134. Density Functional Theory for Excited States in a Quasi Local Density Approximation, Phys. Rev. A 34, 737 (1986).
  135. Density Functional Theory for Excited States in a Quasi Local Density Approximation, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2219 (1986).
  136. Nonlocal Screening in Metal Surfaces, Phys. Rev. Lett. {57}, 862 (1986). With E. Krotscheck.
  137. Excitation of an Oscillator by an Incident Particle, Akademia Nauk SSSR, L. D. Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, 539.I86.3, pages 1-14. (1986). With W. Pokrovsky.
  138. Frequency-Dependent v-Representability in Density Functional Theory, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4796 (1987). With D. Mearns.
  139. New Developments in Density Functional Theory, "Reports from the Moscow Refusnik Seminar,'' {491}, 32 (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ed., Joel Lebowitz) (1987).
  140. Shallow Impurity States in Semiconductors. The Early Years. Physica B & C, 146, 1 (1987).
  141. Internal Structure of a Landau Quasiparticle Wave Packet, Phys. Rev. B 36, 3565 (1987). With O. Heinonen.
  142. Theory of Inelastic Scattering of a Particle in the Near-Adiabatic Limit, Phys. Rev. A, 36, 1618 (1987). With Lit-Deh Chang.
  143. Perspectives on the Crisis of UNESCO, Report of a ConferenceRancho Santa Fe, CA January 31-February 2, 1986, W. Kohn, F. Newman and R. Revelle, eds., IGCC, (1987).
  144. Density Functional Theory for Excited States, Condensed Matter Physics.The Theodore Holstein Symposium, Raymond Orbach, ed., Springer-Verlag, (New York: 1987), pp. 69-73.
  145. Scattering of Evanescent Waves with Application to Atom-Surface Interactions Phys. Rev. B 37, 826 (1988). With Y. Takada.
  146. Rayleigh-Ritz Variational Principle for Ensembles of Fractionally Occupied States Phys. Rev. A 37, {2805} (1988). With E. K. U. Gross and L. N. Oliveira.
  147. Density Functional Theory for Ensembles of Fractionally Occupied States I: Basic Formalism Phys. Rev. A 37, {2809} (1988). With E. K. U. Gross and L. N. Oliveira.
  148. Density Functional Theory for Ensembles of Fractionally Occupied States II: Application to the He Atom Phys. Rev. A 37, {2821} (1988). With L. N. Oliveira and E. K. U. Gross.
  149. Density Functional Formalism for Superconductors, Phys. Rev. Letters 60, {2430} (1988). With L. Oliveira and E. Gross.
  150. Semiclassical Description of Inelastic Atom Scattering by Surfaces, Journal of Statistical Physics 52, {1197} (1988).
  151. Zeros of the Frequency-Dependent Linear Density Response, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1518 (1988). [With E.K.U. Gross, D. Mearns, and L. N. Oliveira]
  152. The University and the Nuclear Predicament, IGCC Policy Paper No. 6, ISBN 0-934637-07-5 (1988). With L. Badash.
  153. Semiclassical Theory for Inelastic Scattering, Phys. Rev. A 40, 1198 (1989).  With J. Jensen and L. Chang.
  154. The Fermi Surface in Local Density-Functional Theory and in Gradient Expansions, Phys. Rev. B 39, 10669 (1989).  With D. Mearns.
  155. Density Functional Theory of Excited States--A Thermodynamic Approach, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, USSR (1989). (Accepted.)
  156. University Education for the Nuclear Age, ANNALS, AAPSS, 504, (1989).  With L. Badash.
  157. The Beginnings and Some Thoughts on the Future, Adv. Quant. Chem., Anniversary Volume on Density Functional Theory (1989).  With P. Hohenberg and L. J. Sham.
  158. Orbital Magnetism in the Density Functional Theory of Superconductors, Journal de Physique 50, 2601 (1989).  With E.K.U. Gross and L. N. Oliveira.
  159. Quantum Corrections for Inelastic Atom-Surface Scattering, Phys. Rev. A 40, 2309 (1989).  With J. H. Jensen.
  160. Density Functional Theory for Superconductors, Int. J. Quant. Chem. Symp. 23, 611 (1989).  With E. K. U. Gross and L. N. Oliveira.
  161. Materials Science and Engineering for the 1990's, National Research Council, ISBN0-309-03928-2, (National Academy Press: Washington D.C. (1989)).
  162. Remarks on Density Functional Theory for Superconductors, Correlationsin Electronic and Atomic Fluids, Eds. P. Jena et al., World Scientific (New Jersey, (1989)).
  163. Theory of Atom-Surface Collisions, Interaction of Atoms and Molecules with Solid Surfaces, eds. Bortolani, March and Tosi, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, (Plenum Publishing Co.: New York (1990)).
  164. Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory, Density Functional Theory of Many-Fermion Systems, edited by S. B. Trickey (Academic Press: Boston (1990)).
  165. Ensemble-Density Functional Theory for Excited States, Int. J. Quant. Chem. Symp., S24, 707 (1990).  With L. N. Oliveira and E. K. U. Gross.
  166. Density Functional Theory of Superconductors Regarded as Two-Component Plasmas, Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics, Proceedings of Yamada Conference XXIV on Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics, Lake Yamanada, Japan, August 29-September 2, 1989, ed. S. Ichimaru, (Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. Yamada Science Foundation: (1990)).
  167. Density Functional Theory of Electronic Structure, Proceedings of the 6th IFC Symposium, Institute for Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto, Japan. (1990)
  168. Exact Theory of One-Phonon Amplitudes in Atom-Surface Scattering, Phys. Rev. B, 43, 7422 (1991).  With M. Flatte.
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